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Eddy Currents Non Destructive Testing and Evaluation of Ferromagnetic Medium DOI:10.15199/48.2019.02.26

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There is nowadays an increasing attention and request towards the study and development of systems and techniques for increasing the human safety and security in all aspects of the everyday life. In this framework, the possibility to perform a non-invasive inspection of structures or objects by means of non-destructive testing and evaluation (NDT-NDE) technologies is of particular interests in several applicative fields, ranging from civil engineering to biomedicine, up to aeronautic and nuclear industries [1]. In non-destructive test methods, eddy current technology increasingly gains in importance. The reason for this is that it is a test method that is flexible in its application and that its probes, usually coils of copper wire, are very adaptable and can be produced fairly easily [2]. Eddy current non-destructive evaluation (NDE) is a method based on the fact that when a coil powered by a variable energy source is brought near a conductive part, a change in impedance at the terminals of the coil is driven by the changing of magnetic field lines due to the existence and the distribution of induced currents in the conductive part [3]. Besides the inspection of metallic samples for which ECT has been applied for some decades to detect cracks, voids, corrosion and other defect typologies structures [4, 5], this technique can also be used to distinguish between ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic materials. However, this technique does not allow access to accurate information that can characterize a defect in any form; this is why it is essential to dispose for a rapid tool for signal inversion as eddy current. For this, we are interested in an artificial neural networks. This technique is capable of solving complex problems using an artificial reasoning system constructed with basis on the human brain [6]. A calculation tool developed under Matlab environment was used. Simulation of direct problem with FEM The relevant c[...]

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