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Power interface efficiency evaluation for photovoltaic system used in hydrogen production DOI:10.15199/48.2019.06.15

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Magneto Caloric Effect (MCE) consists to liquefying hydrogen to optimize its storage,the hydrogen producedtoday by means of solar energy that become an important source of power generation. However, the main problem in the proper exploitation remain how it is stored; one of the best storage methods is the liquefied hydrogen system. The hydrogen generation system simply consists of a PV module that connected to a hydrogen cell by DC converter that means the best optimization of hydrogen system is optimization of the photovoltaic (PV) system. A dozen of studies have been conducted on the use storage in renewable energy. Where Khalid et al. [1] suggested a renewable-based energy system for a house using hydrogen as a storage medium. Kalinciet al. [2] studied a standalone energy system for an island in Turkey using hydrogen as a storage option. ezmalinovic et al. [3] discussed the role of PEM fuel cells in PV based systems for remote base stations. They considered various scenarios such as PV/battery, PV/battery/diesel, generator and PV/battery/PEM fuel cell [4]. Electrolyzer cell technology provides a sustainable solution for renewable energy storage and hydrogen production. Among all types of electrolyzer cell systems, PEMFC is providing a promising solution for hydrogen and oxygen production and receiving more and more attention due to their higher energy efficiency/density, faster charging/discharging, and a more compact design [5]. Solar power is the conversion of sunlight into electricity, either directly using photovoltaic (PV), or indirectly using concentrated solar power. Concentrated solar power systems use lenses or mirrors and tracking systems to focus a large area of sunlight into a small beam. Photovoltaic cells convert light into an electric current using the photovoltaic effect [6]. PV solar systems exist in many different configurations with regard to their relationship to inverter systems, external grids, f[...]

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