Wyniki 1-1 spośród 1 dla zapytania: authorDesc:"Karolina Ostrowska"

Analiza efektów zużywania się wybranych obręczy kół tramwajowych w aglomeracji poznańskiej DOI:10.15199/28.2015.6.8


  The evaluation of wear effects of selected trams' wheels in the Poznan agglomeration The aim of presented research was evaluation of the main types of tram wheel wear of chosen rail vehicle and material changes which appear as a consequence of wheel and rail wear. Following tests was performed: macroscopic research, profile tests, Vickers hardness measurements, microscopic research with light microscope (Zeiss Epiquant with CCD), scanning electron microscope (Tescan Vega 5135) with X-ray microanalizer (PGT Avalon). The chemical composition was also checked with fluorescent spectrometer (LECO GDS 500A). The basic form of wear was shelling, which was detected by macroscopic research. The most damage surface was rolling surface. It has to be underline that the shelling was in early stage of growth. Created shells did not appear in the whole circumference of wheel and their size were relatively not huge. It is probably due to short distances characteristic for trams (in the comparison with trains). Moreover, in same regions of rolling surface, so called white layer was detected. It allows to state that sliding surfaces of wheel were (in a very small areas) heated in to higher temperature than it happens in case of shelling. Nonetheless, it was very local process, so it is rather not important in general wear of tested wheels. Tram wheels were highly deformed, particularly on the top of the edge of the wheel, and in the vicinity of outside angle of rolling profile. High deformation caused 70% hardness increase in comparison to the core material. In microstructure MnS was detected. Its presence in the surface layer of the top of the edge of the wheel caused delamination. It could help to crack initiation and, as a result, more intensive wear of tram wheels. Key words: tram wheel, wear, surface layer. Celem badań było określenie dominujących typów uszkodzeń obręczy wybranego pojazdu szynowego, a także zmian materiałowych będących wynikiem zuży[...]

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