Wyniki 1-1 spośród 1 dla zapytania: authorDesc:"Alina BUGUBAYEVA"

Ultrasonic microcontroller device for distance measuring between dustcart and container of municipal solid wastes DOI:10.15199/48.2019.04.26

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Relevance of study of municipal solid wastes (MSW) management lies in the fact that it is included into one of the clauses of the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the European Union [1]. The MSW annual amount in Ukrainian localities constitutes more than 46 million m3 [2]. Among the technologies for MSW management in Ukraine, the most widespread is burial in landfills and garbage dumps (96.5%), incineration at incineration plants (2.2%) and recycling (1.3%). Collection and transportation of MSW to landfills and waste incinerators is carried out by bodyequipped dustcarts in the quantity exceeding 4100 vehicles [2], which have the following methods of loading solid waste into the body: rear (70%), lateral (25%) and front (5%) [3]. To position accurately the dustcart within the range of gripping MSW container with manipulator, driver-operator should know the exact distance between the dustcart and container. Therefore, in our opinion, it is expedient to install in the dustcart a device for measuring the distance with possibility of displaying the distance in the driver-operator’s cabin. This is especially important for rear and lateral MSW loading, being most common in use. According to Decision of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 265 [4], ensuring use of modern highly efficient dustcarts in the country's communal services as the main element in the structure of vehicles for collecting and initial treatment of municipal solid wastes, is a relevant scientific and technical problem. Development of instruments for measuring distance between the dustcart and municipal solid wastes container with consideration of environmental parameters is one of the important objectives for solution of this problem. The purpose of the study is development of a device for measuring distance between the dustcart and municipal solid wastes container as based on the study of existing signal processing methods and measuring of p[...]

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